The Carlisle Indian Industrial School photograph collection Red Albums consists of photographs of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. There are many photographs of buildings around the campus, some showing changes and additions over the years. There are also photographs of Richard Henry Pratt, students, and teacher who worked at the school.
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the brainchild of a young lieutenant of the 10th United States (U.S.) Cavalry, Richard Henry Pratt. Lieutenant Pratt had great sympathy for the misery of the Indian, even while he was engaged in subduing the hostile tribes of the West. He became convinced that the solution to the Indian uprisings lay in the education of the Indian rather than in further bloodshed. No public schools allowed Indian students, but Pratt, with the help of influential sympathizers in public and private life and through his own persistence, determination, and hard work, succeeded in having Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, made available for an Indian school in 1879. At Carlisle Barracks, the Indians received a sound education and each Indian, girl or boy, learned at least one mechanical trade or domestic skill. The Indian School also became famous for its Indian athletes like Jim Thorpe, Tewanima, and Chief Bender. The Carlisle Indian Industrial School remained at Carlisle Barracks until 1918.
U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center
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